Within in a few years, Miami became one of the world’s modern art centers. This all started with the first art exhibit in Miami which was organized by a famous Swiss company Art-Basel. The experienced managers of this exhibit made an assumption that a lot of wealthy people gather in Miami during the high season in December who would likely visit a new interesting event that is out of the ordinary for this city and for the whole region. This predication came true, which was a big surprise for the whole art community and the city authorities of Miami. The unexpected success overshadowed the main idea of Art Basel management: to play on the difference of taxation of art objects in expensive Switzerland and the state of Florida.
The phenomenal success of art events in Miami had already established a new tradition. of art season late in fall time. (remove highlighted ) Having discovered this effect within their world-famous resort city, Miami city and county officials decided to support this unexpected direction of their local social life. In 2010, the Bicentennial Park was reconstructed into Museum Park and two museums were constructed on 20 acres of land along the Biscayne Bay: Phillip and Patricia Frost Museum of Science and Perez Art Museum Miami (PAMM), which was all completed by 2017 and became part of the park complex.
The chief architects of the company are Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron. Jacques Herzog is a big fan of Miami and spends a lot of time there. It was him who proposed to use a traditional house of Biscayne Bay dwellers as the main concept of a project called Stiltsville House. It is a low rectangular building sitting on long, thin stilts way above the water level. This design can withstand hurricanes and floods, while being naturally ventilated and prevents overheating.
Terence Riley, the director of the museum at that time, had his own demands for the architects. First of all, the museum collection was growing every year and demanded an increase of exhibition space. Secondly, the museum had to possess a lecture hall, rooms for media presentation and conducting various events. And finally, the building of the museum had to attract not only artistic crowds, but also serve as a venue for social events.
The tropical gardens make this place especially comfortable, including amazing tree trunks hanging from the roof with the plants growing right on them. These are the vertical “hanging gardens” created by French botanist Patrick Blanc. He placed the plants indigenous to the local environment inside the tree trunks. They absorb the moisture and their leaves always stay wet. When the wind passes through it cools down the entire garden. This effect creates a comfortable environment, keeping visitors for around a long time and promoting the museum as a social platform, not just an exhibit hall.
Of course, the museum was constructed to accommodate contemporary art objects, which often require big spaces. The building has three floors and the total exhibition area is 200 thousand square feet, including 120 thousand square feet of indoor space and 80 thousand square feet of space on the exhibition walls.
The focus of the museum’s collection is 20th century and contemporary art, as well as cultures of the Atlantic Rim, which it defines as the Americas, Western Europe and Africa. At the time of the new building’s opening, the museum’s holdings included 1,800 objects, nearly 500 of which were acquired in 2013, including pieces by John Baldessari, Olafur Eliasson and Dan Flavin.
In its permanent collections, there are second half of the twentieth century and Contemporary works by Purvis Young, Joseph Cornell, Kehinde Wiley, James Rosenquist, Frank Stella, and Kiki Smith. Much of the museum’s current collection has been donated, with 110 works coming from Jorge M. Perez, among them pieces by the Cuban painters José Bedia Valdes and Wifredo Lam, as well as the Mexican artists Diego Rivera and Damian Ortega, the Uruguayan Joaquin Torres-Garcia and the Colombian Beatriz Gonzalez. In 2013, museum trustee and Miami developer Craig Robins pledged 102 paintings, photographs, sculptures and other works from his personal collection.
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